Ingrown toenails can be painful, making it hard to stand or walk and it can even become infected. Signs of an ingrown toenail are pain, redness, warm to the touch and can feel hard and swollen.
This foot condition develops when the corner of the toenail grows down into the skin and usually affects the big toe. Ingrown toenails often happen when people cut their toenails too short, or too rounded at the corner. The toenail curves with the shape of the toe and can grow into your skin. Other causes can be from improperly fitting shoes, tearing the corner of the nail, toe trauma (such as stubbing your toe) and congenital (your foot shape) when the nail is larger comparatively with your toe causing the surrounding tissue of the nail border to grow around the nail.
Ingrown toenails are common and anyone can get one, but treatment is fairly straightforward. Our Chiropodist can remove it and take steps to prevent it from happening again.
If you have an ingrown or infected toenail, see our Chiropodist Lada Milos Lee for complete care!
The term “athlete’s foot” can be very misleading because you don’t have to be an athlete to suffer from this condition. Athlete’s foot (tinea pedis) is a common contagious fungal infection affecting the skin and nails of the feet, which cause itching and irritation.
Athlete’s foot is caused by a fungal infection that manifests in a scaly, red rash on the foot that itches, especially at night. Blisters or ulcers may also appear. Athlete’s foot can affect one or both feet and can spread to your hands if you scratch or pick the infection.
Having sweaty feet confined in tight-fitting shoes or coming into contact with someone who has the conditions. Communal showers, locker rooms, and pool decks are common places where the infection can be contracted if you are not taking precautions, like wearing shower shoes.
You are at an increased risk of athlete’s foot if you’re:
- Wear damp socks or tight-fitting shoes
- Share mats, rugs, bed linens, clothes or shoes with someone who has an infection
- Walk barefoot in public areas, like locker rooms, saunas, swimming pools, and communal showers
- Have a weakened immune system’
Prevention & Treatment:
There are over-the-counter creams that can usually effectively treat and eliminate the infection within two weeks.
You can also prevent the spread of Athlete’s foot by wearing sandals in public locker rooms and around swimming areas. Be sure to maintain clean showers and floors at home where you frequently walk barefoot and cover your feet with socks or shoes until the infection has dissipated. Also, keep your feet clean and dry if you choose to wear socks and shoes for long periods of time.
Don’t forget to continually disinfect your footwear to ensure you will not accidentally reinfect yourself.
When To Seek Care:
If these treatments don’t work, or if you have increasing pain, fever, swelling of the foot, blisters or open sores, it’s time to seek treatment for a possible bacterial infection. A more aggressive course of treatment may be prescribed by chiropodist (your foot specialist) at our clinic. Please call us, or book online with our chiropodist Lada Milos Lee.
Our foot specialist, Lada Milos Lee is proud to offer Ofa Bamberg line of compression therapy. Compression therapy is achieved using gradient compression, which has the greatest pressure at the base, and reduces pressure as the compression garment goes up the leg. This helps encourage the movement of fluids, including blood circulation and the lymph fluid circulation. The gentle pressure helps blood vessels and lymph vessels absorb fluids more easily, providing relief for tissues. This helps to relieve pain by reducing swelling and preventing accumulation of fluid buildup. Venous disorders are very common and it is estimated that 20% of men and 30% of women suffer from some form of venous disorder.
- Do you suffer from tired, aching legs at the end of your day?
- Do you suffer from spider or varicose veins?
- Do you travel long distances frequently?
- Do you sit or stand for prolonged periods of time?
- Are you pregnant?
- Do you struggle with some excess weight?
If you answers “YES” to any of these questions, compression stockings may be helpful in alleviating pain, reducing swelling and preventing chronic venous disorders.
Prevention of Varicose Veins
When the valves of the veins are damaged or do not function properly, blood pools and the increased volume causes pressure within the wall of the veins. This can then cause veins to bulge and distend. Over time, the veins loose their ability to bounce back, causing “spider” veins ( in the small superficial veins), and “varicose” veins ( in the larger veins). Compression therapy is effective in preventing the veins from becoming damaged and noticeable.
Studies have shown that wearing compression stockings during exercise helps reduce muscle soreness.
Long-distance travel wether by car, train or airplane, can be associated with the leg discomfort and increased risk of DVT (deep vein thrombosis). Lack of leg movement due to prolonged sitting and cramped spaces gives way to swelling of the feet and legs. The swelling contributes to leg fatigue, discomfit, and a heavy sensation in the leg. Studies have shown that a traveler not wearing a graduated compression stockings is 12.5 times more likely to develop DVT.
Wearing gradient compression stockings appeared to be effective in reducing the risk of DVT and prevent overall swelling during frequent or long travel.
As the baby grows, the enlarged uterus applies pressure on the vena cava, which returns blood to the heart. The pressure can cause stasis and valve damage, which results in swelling, leg discomfort, and even varicose veins. On average 23% of pregnant women will have venous disorders as early as their first pregnancy, and this number rises to 31 % by their fourth pregnancy. Compression hosiery helps to relieve leg fatigue and discomfort by helping to prevent the superficial veins from becoming distended with blood. It also helps to reduce pressure in the tissue underneath the skin.
Are You Covered?
Compression stockings with a pressure of 20-30, or 30-40 mmHg are covered by most insurance plans on an annual basis. A physician prescription is required.
A 20-min initial consultation is required. The appointment should be scheduled at the beginning of the day to ensure the best measurements. Styles and materials will also be discussed to determine the best product for your needs.
A callus is an abnormal amount of dead, thickened skin that builds up on an area like the bottom of your feet. They can be yellowish-red in colour and they do not feel like the rest of your skin on your soles. Primary locations include the ball of the foot (usually under the second metatarsal), and the end of your heel. Calluses do not look pretty or feel soft to the touch, but they are actually there to help. Your body produces them as protection to cushion underlying bone from pressure at points where there is little fat or natural padding. This may happen more as you age, since the fat parson your feet tend to loose their plumpness.
What causes calluses?
Calluses can crop up anywhere on your body wherever stress from excess pressure and friction occurs. Having a bunion increases your chances of developing a callus because it may change your gait and put pressure on one part of your foots a result. People who weigh more will have more calluses. Menopause also makes you susceptible to these rough spots because hormonal changes cause drier skin. If you are having a higher arched foot, you are more callus prone, putting more pressure at the ball of your foot. Calluses can sometimes be mistaken for something else. Sometimes thew will form around plantar warts, or foreign bodies such as splinters.
Why are calluses sometimes painful?
Calluses are an indication that you have a biomechanics problem that is causing extra pressure in one area of your foot. Sometimes a painful callus is caused by a misaligned bone or crooked toe. When one metatarsal is lower than its neighbours, more weight is placed on the region where the bone is lower. Some calluses are caused by a “dropped metatarsal” also called “ intractable plantar keratosis”. Sesamoiditis, hammertoes and bunions can be big problems, too.
How do you break the bad callus cycle?
-Start with your shoes (foot specialist can provide you with right suggestion according to your foot type)
-Don’t go backless. Avoid wearing open-backed shoes for a while since they just make calluses worse.
-Wear comfortable socks. Opt for those made of polyester or cotton, which are better at wicking away moisture.
-Use over the counter pads
-Do not try to avoid callus pain by walking lopsided, since it can cause damage in other parts of the body
Make an appointment with your foot specialist who can help you with professional advice, and treatments which will successfully take care of this foot issue.
Written by: Lada Milos Lee
It’s morning, and the alarm clock has just told you it’s time to get out of bed. Another few minutes won’t hurt. You check your emails, social media sites, and you even ring your mom to see how the dog slept last night… basically anything to delay putting your feet on the ground and taking those first steps to get the day started. And it’s because of this pain you’ve been getting on the bottom of your heel every morning for the last few weeks. And it’s getting worse… Time to see your osteopath!
There are a few things that can cause pain on the bottom of the heel, but the most common cause is a condition named plantar fasciitis (also known as plantar fasciopathy).
What is plantar fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis is an overuse condition affecting the plantar fascia. The plantar fascia is a layer of soft tissue that stretches along the bottom of the foot, from the heel bone to the metatarsal bones in the front of the foot. It helps to provide stability to the arch of the foot and is similar in make-up to a tendon (the things that attach muscle to bone). If too much stress is placed on this structure, over time the tissue can degenerate, weaken, and start to give you pain. The pain is commonly felt where the plantar fascia attaches into the heel bone.
Scientific research suggests there are a few groups of people who are more prone to developing plantar fasciitis. These include:
- People who are over-weight and lead a sedentary lifestyle and/or spend long periods standing for work (e.g. a factory worker)
Important things to consider with these at-risk groups include:
- Foot alignment and arch height: Having a very low or high arch or having excessive or not enough movement in the foot joints can lead to the development of this problem.
- Amount of training: Increased levels of training can place greater stress on the plantar fascia more regularly.
- Footwear: Wearing certain types of footwear when training can lead to an increased risk of plantar fasciitis (i.e. wearing athletics spikes, or the wrong footwear for your foot type).
- Muscle strength and flexibility: Decreased strength in the muscles that control toe movement, as well as weakened and tight calf, hamstring and gluteal muscles are all associated with higher rates of plantar fasciitis.
Signs and symptoms
The signs and symptoms of plantar fasciitis include:
- Pain at the bottom of the heel
- Pain that appears as a gradual onset
- Pain felt first thing in the morning (i.e. taking those first steps out of bed in the morning is classic!)
- Pain that decreases with activity, but increases again afterwards (early stages)
- Pain that increases with activity and pain felt at night (latter stages)
- Pain felt after periods of prolonged rest during the day (i.e. being sat at your desk for 2-3 hours and then getting up again)
- Tight calf, hamstring and gluteal muscles
- Weak muscles that help to support the arch of the foot
- Stiff or over-flexible foot and ankle joints
Diagnosis and treatment
First things first, if you have heel pain that sounds similar to the picture we have painted above, make an appointment with us now (you know what to do call us on (416) 546-4887). Once we have asked the relevant questions, performed the necessary tests, and are convinced that the issue stems from the plantar fascia, we will formulate a plan with you with short and long-term goals to reach within a set time.
Initial hands-on treatment will include a combination of massage, joint mobilisation and manipulation, and dry needling of the lower limb muscles with the aim of correcting any mechanical issues that are playing a role in this issue. Depending on the presentation, we may also use tape around the foot and ankle to provide support and reduce the stress being placed on the tissues. Other treatment will include advice on weight loss (if required), training regimen, footwear, and exercise prescription that helps to lengthen and strengthen tight and weak muscles. Some cases of plantar fasciitis may require a foot orthotic or in-sole to provide extra support to the foot whilst wearing shoes. This would be best recommended and assessed by our Chiropodist (foot specialist) at Beachealth.
Plantar fasciitis is a tricky condition to treat which may require ongoing treatment for several months. We will endeavour to get you pain-free in the shortest time possible, so we recommend following all advice to a T, which may include a reduction in the amount of training you are doing at present. When you start to hit goals and we see improvements being made, we’ll have you back up to your full training program before you can say “plantar fasciitis”.
People regularly ask if they need imaging for such an issue, but the majority of cases of plantar fasciitis can be diagnosed with a thorough case history and physical assessment. This is where we excel! Imaging is there for cases that do not respond to treatment and for those instances where we need to rule out a more serious problem.
If you need help with heel pain, please call us today on (416) 546-4887 to book your appointment. Let’s have you putting your best foot forward, ASAP! 👌
1. Thompson, JV. et al. 2014. Diagnosis and management of plantar fasciitis. Journal of American Osteopathic Association. 114 (12). Available from: https://jaoa.org/aoa/content_public/journal/jaoa/933660/900.pdf
2. Brukner, P. et al. 2017. Clinical Sports Medicine. 5th ed. Australia: McGraw Hill Education
3. Harvard Health Publishing. 2007. Easing the pain of plantar fasciitis. [Online]. Available from: https://www.health.harvard.edu/newsletter_article/Easing_the_pain_of_plantar_fasciitis. [Accessed 15 Jul 2020]
4. Orthoinfo. 2010. Plantar fasciitis and bone spurs. [Online]. Available from: https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases–conditions/plantar-fasciitis-and-bone-spurs. [Accessed 15 Jul 2020]
Do I need orthotics? What kind?
Many people come to the clinic complaining of foot pain from conditions such as bunions, hammertoes, a pinched nerve (neuroma), or heel pain (plantar fasciitis). I perform a thorough evaluation and examination, and together we review the origin, mechanics, and treatment plan for the specific problem.The patient usually asks if they need and orthotic and, if so, which type would be best.
I recommend a foot orthotic if muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, or bones are not in an optimal functional position and are causing pain, discomfit, and fatigue. Foot orthotics can be made from different materials, and may be rigid, semirigid, semi flexible, or accommodative, depending o your diagnosis ad specific needs.
Different types of orthotics
There are few types of foot orthotics: over-the-counter/off-the-shelf (OTC) orthotics; “kiosk-generated” orthotics; and professional custom orthotics. OTC orthotics are widely available and can be chosen based on shoe size and problem. Kiosk orthotics are based on the scan of your feet. A particular style or size of orthotics is recommended for you based on a foot scan and the type of foot problem you are experiencing.
For custom prescription orthotics, a health professional performs a thorough health history, including an assessment of your height, weight, level of activity, and any medical conditions. A diagnosis and determination of the best materials and level of rigidity/flexibility of the orthotics is made, followed by casting mold of your feet. This mold is then used to create an orthotic specifically for you. The difference between OTC/ kiosk and custom made orthotics may be likened to the difference between over-the-counter and prescription reading glasses.
Which type of orthotic is right for you?
A person of average weight, height, and foot type and with a generic problem such as heel pain, usually does well with OTC or kiosk orthotic. They are less expensive, however you may have to replace them more often. Someone with a specific need, or a problem such as severely flat foot, may benefit from custom prescription orthotics. These also last longer.
Another important fact is that your foot specialist will be able to educate you about proper footwear. You may be surprised to learn that many people have not had their feet professionally measured in years. As we age our foot length and width changes, and sizing may not be consistent between brands.
In my experience, certain groups of people benefit from an examination performed by foot specialist, and prescription for custom orthotics. These may include people with diabetes who have lost a feeling in their feet, people with poor circulation, and people with severe foot deformities caused by different foot misalignments and medical conditions.
Now available at Beaches Foot Care Centre (@Beachealth)
Treat warts with confidence!
Swift is the pioneering new microwave therapy system for the treatment of Plantar Warts.
How frustrated are you trying to get rid of Plantar Warts? I know that after many years of implementing many different types of treatments, I became tired of not seeing much, or any progress in resolving this stubborn infection for my patients. In search for the best option available I decided that “SWIFT” will be my best solution to fight this stubborn viral infection.
What are warts??
Warts are benign skin growth caused by human papilloma virus (HPV). There are many types of warts, and at our clinic we are treating specifically Plantar/ Foot Warts. These are usually found on the soles of feet. Plantar warts often grow into the deeper layer of skin due to the pressure from walking, and standing. Walking around barefoot increases your risk of developing plantar warts.
Warts may spread from person to person by direct or indirect contact, and may also spread from one area of body to another. individuals with weakened immune systems may be more susceptible.
At “Beaches Foot Care Centre” , I would first assess infection and together with patient decide on the best treatment option. Thera are few options we offer, to name a few: the application of blistering medications, wart needling… These treatments are time consuming and often painful, and traditionally warts have been very resistant to most of them. That is, until now.
What is “SWIFT”?
Swift is a new technology, developed in the UK, which has been licenced for the general treatment of skin lesions in Podiatry and Dermatology. Swift uses microwave energy which is delivered through a special probe applied to the skin to treat the affects tissue. After continued research into novel microwave based medical product, success rate spiked significantly.
I am proud to be among very few clinics in Toronto using this new and exciting technology.
If you are suffering from wart infection, do not hesitate to contact me to inquire more information, or make an appointment.